The double crochet stitch (dc) is one of the six fundamental crochet stitches we learn at the beginning of our crochet journey. It’s the fifth tallest stitch after half double crochet, making it fast to work up while producing interesting designs and textures.
Once you know how to work one crochet stitch, the others fall through; all it takes is one more or one less step in the instructions. In this double crochet tutorial, we’ll show you how to do a double crochet stitch and provide tips and tricks to make the process easier. Let’s get started!
Don’t worry if you’re still figuring out how to crochet; you can learn more about it through the Complete Guide to Crochet for Beginners. You’ll also find an abundance of helpful hints and techniques for mastering this yarn craft.
What Will You Learn From This Double Crochet Stitch Tutorial?
- What is a Double Crochet Stitch; The Anatomy, Abbreviation, and Chart Symbol
- Turning Chain and Stitch Height for Double Crochet
- Step-by-step tutorials on How to Double Crochet
- How to make dc stitches into the Foundation Chain and Next Row
- How to Increase, Decrease, and Invisible Decrease in dc
- Crochet dc stitches in different loops
- How to crochet dc stitches in the round
- Free crochet patterns for practicing the dc stitch
What is a Double Crochet Stitch?
The double crochet stitch is a tall stitch that produces a solid yet stretchy fabric. It builds up quickly and effortlessly, especially if you use bulky yarn. Due to its characteristics, this makes it an excellent choice for big projects such as blankets and sweaters. The dc stitch is one of the easiest and most handy stitches in crochet.
A Double Crochet is abbreviated as “dc” in US terminology and “tr” (Treble Crochet) in UK terminology.
[Note: All our patterns and terms are based on the US letter and number system. This guide is demonstrated using the right hand.]
In a chart pattern, a Double Crochet is represented by the letter “T” with a short diagonal cross “\” in the middle.
Just like most of the basic stitches, dc stitches have a front loop, a back loop, and a 3rd loop. The hdc, dc, and treble crochet stitches have another part into which you can make your stitches, the Post.
Essentially, the post is the body of the stitch. Since double crochet has a tall post, you can work into the post to create unique textures.
The image above shows that it is equivalent to the length of 3 chain stitches. As a result, before crocheting the next row, make 3 ch stitches to bring the new row to the correct height.
Turning Chain for Double Crochet
Turning chains are made at the end or beginning of a row/round to assist in bringing the yarn to the correct height for the next row/round. Every stitch has a different length, resulting in a different number of chain stitches.
The turning chain for double crochet is three chain stitches and typically counts as the first dc stitch of the new row. However, some patterns may call for only two chain stitches. Also, always check the written pattern to determine whether the turning chain counts as the first stitch.
What makes the dc stitch taller than an hdc? The dc stitch is taller than the hdc stitch due to the extra yarn over, as shown in step 4 above. The first 2 steps are the same for both hdc and dc stitches. In step 3, you will finish the hdc stitch by pulling the working yarn through all three loops on the hook. However, for dc, you will only pull through two loops, necessitating an extra set of steps (step 4) to complete the stitch, making it taller.
Need a step-by-step tutorial on how to make a dc stitch? Let’s get into the specifics of how to crochet double crochet below.
How to Crochet Double Crochet Stitch
Learning how to crochet the double crochet stitch isn’t difficult. Here’s a detailed breakdown of how to construct a dc stitch:
- With an existing loop on the hook, YO (yarn over).
- Insert the crochet hook into the next stitch.
- YO again and pull up a loop.
- You should have three loops on the hook;
- YO again and draw the working yarn through the first two loops on the hook.
- You now have 2 loops left on your hook.
- YO for the last time and draw the yarn through the remaining loops.
- You’ve completed your first double crochet stitch!
Double Crochet into a Foundation Chain
- Chain 3 for the turning chain, and YO. The loop on the hook does not count as the first chain stitch.
- Insert the hook into the 4th stitch from the hook.
- YO again and pull up a loop.
- With 3 loops on the hook, YO and draw the working yarn through the first 2 loops.
- YO again and draw the yarn through the last 2 loops.
- You’ve just made a double crochet in a foundation chain! Continue to make dc stitches until you reach the end of the row, then chain 3 again as the turning chain for dc.
Double Crochet in Next Row
If ch3 wasn’t made before turning the crochet piece, you can make it before starting your new row.
- After making the 3-turning chains, turn your work clockwise and YO.
- Insert the hook into the next stitch.
- YO and pull up a loop.
- YO and draw yarn through the first 2 loops.
- YO again and pull yarn through all loops on the hook.
- Continue making dc stitches across the row. Make 3 chain stitches at the end, then turn your work clockwise to begin another row of double crochet stitches.
Double Crochet Increase & Decrease
Now that you know how to double crochet stitch, you can use techniques like increases, decreases, and invisible decreases to help build your crochet piece into different shapes.
1. How to Increase Stitches in Double Crochet
As its name suggests, double crochet increase (abbrev. dc inc or 2dc) helps to grow the number of stitches in your work each row or round.
To perform dc inc, place two dc stitches into the same stitch from the previous row. You can also make 3 or 4 double crochets (3dc, 4dc, and so on) into the same stitch to form a larger pattern.
2. How to Decrease Stitches in Double Crochet
There are two methods to decrease in double crochet, the regular method and the invisible decrease. We will show you how to decrease double crochet both ways.
To perform a double crochet decrease (abbrev. dc dec or dc2tog), combine two stitches into one stitch. It is also possible to combine 3, 4, or 5 stitches into one if required. Dc5tog is a type of dc variation known as bobble stitch; we will get into that later in this tutorial. Here is how to make a normal dc dec:
- YO, insert hook into next stitch and make a dc until the last step;
- Do not complete the stitch;
- You should have 2 loops on the hook;
- YO, insert hook into the following stitch and make another dc;
- Again, do not complete the stitch;
- You should have 3 loops on the hook;
- YO one last time and pull the working yarn through all 3 loops on the hook;
- This is what a normal dc decrease looks like.
3. How to Invisible Decrease in Double Crochet
A double crochet invisible decrease (dc inv dec) is ideal for achieving a flawless finish. Unlike the normal decrease, this method combines two base stitches into one before making the dc stitch.
- YO and insert the crochet hook into the front loops of the following two stitches.
- YO and pull up a loop.
- Then, complete the dc stitch as usual.
- Here is what a double crochet invisible decrease looks like.
Double Crochet in Different Loops
You would typically make stitches under the top of the stitch, but there are several parts of a dc stitch where you can make your stitches.
- dc flo: dc in the front loop only (the horizontal bar closest to you).
- dc blo: dc in the back loop only (the horizontal bar furthest from you).
- dc 3rd loop: dc in the 3rd loop only (seen on the wrong side of the crochet piece, under the back loop).
- FPdc or BPdc: dc on the post (the body of the stitch), either from the front (FP) or from the back (BP).
1. Double Crochet Front Loop Only (dc flo)
Insert the hook into the front loop only and make a double crochet.
Here is what dc flo looks like from the back. It leaves the back loops unworked, creating a ridge that you can use to connect another crochet piece or as a decorative design.
2. Double Crochet Back Loop Only (dc blo)
Insert the hook into the back loop only and perform the dc stitch as normal.
Working double crochets into the back loops only leaves the front loop unworked. It’s a common technique used in double crochet, especially in making garments like beanies.
3. Double Crochet Third Loop Only (dc 3rd Loop)
- Find the third loop of hdc stitch located below the front loop;
- YO and insert hook into that loop you just found;
- Make a dc stitch as normal.
- Working into the 3rd loop only creates a sideways V on the back of the crochet piece.
By working into the 3rd loop only, you push the front and back loops away. This produces a braid-like appearance across the entire row. A whole project worked in the third loop only makes it look like a knitted item.
4. How to Crochet Double Crochet Post Stitches
Rather than placing your hook under the top part of a stitch, you will insert the hook around the post (body) of a stitch from the previous row and work a regular dc around that post.
Front Post Double Crochet (abbrev. FPdc)
- YO and insert your hook through the back of the post and back to the front;
- The post should be in front of your crochet hook;
- Continue to complete dc as normal;
- You’ve just made a front-post dc!
Back Post Double Crochet (BPdc)
- YO, bring your hook to the back of the post. Insert the hook through to the front of the post and back around;
- The post should be behind your crochet hook;
- Continue to make dc as normal;
- This is what a back post dc looks like!
Fabric made from regular DC, FPdc and BPdc
- The back post double crochet sits behind the post from the previous row and is only visible from the back of the fabric.
- The front post double crochet sits in front of the post from the previous row, creating a raised fabric.
How to Double Crochet in the Round
Making dc stitches in the round requires you to work your projects in circles instead of horizontally across. Double crochet in the round is a great way to create a fabric with a lot of texture. It is one of the most common stitches used for crochet in the round.
There are two ways you can crochet in the round for a flat circle;
- normal joined round
- continuous spiral round
DC in Joined Round
To crochet in a joined round, chain 3 (deemed as the first stitch) at the beginning of the round, either with a magic ring or ring foundation chain. Then make dc stitches into the center. After completing the last stitch, make a slip stitch into the first stitch to close the circle. Make the ch3 turning chain to bring the yarn to the dc height before continuing to crochet the next round, then close the round with a slip stitch.
DC in Continuous Spiral Round
Since dc is a tall stitch, it is more difficult to make a big jump to the second round without closing the round and using a turning chain. However, it is not completely impossible to use dc stitches in the continuous spiral rounds.
How? The trick is to create a gradient at the start of the round so that it forms a smooth slope for the second round.
To crochet in a continuous round, start with chain 1 in a magic ring or ring foundation chain, then make 2 to 3 sc stitches, followed by 2 to 3 hdc stitches, and finish the rest with dc stitches. There is no need to make turning chains after each round with this method.
Double Crochet Stitch Variations
Double Crochet Ribbing
Many patterns use the double crochet ribbing stitch for making the brim of a hat or the cuff of a sweater.
There are several ways to create ribbing in crochet. The most common method is to make your stitches into the front or back loop only. Some patterns may also call for dc in the third loop or even in the front post or back post. They all produce a knit-like appearance; it just depends on which style you prefer!
You can also achieve a similar effect for round projects by making dc in the 3rd loop.
Herringbone Double Crochet
The herringbone double crochet (abbrev. hbdc) is a variation of double crochet. You will only be making a slight adjustment to the regular dc to produce a solid and compact fabric.
The waffle stitch is made up of chain stitches, double crochet stitches, and post stitches. Working double crochets around the body of the stitch creates a stretchy and soft fabric. It also acts as a textural element in unique designs.
Granny Stripe Stitch
The granny stripe stitch is one of the most popular double crochet variations. It’s known for its unique texture and is often produced in multiple yarn colors. This technique is commonly used for Afghans and baby blankets. If you’ve come across the classic granny square pattern, it’s like the granny stripe stitch, but in a square shape.
Earlier, we mentioned that you can make double crochet 5 together. The official name for this technique is bobble stitch! Making rows of bobble stitches create a fun and playful texture that pops out of the fabric.
Corner-to-corner crochet is a type of crochet technique that is worked from the bottom up. Instead of working the regular horizontal row, you will work your stitch back and forth in diagonal rows.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. What is the abbreviation for Double Crochet?
In the US, Double Crochet is abbreviated as dc.
Double Crochet is called Treble Crochet in the UK, abbreviated tr.
2. What is the symbol of Double Crochet?
The dc symbol looks like a T with a diagonal line across the middle.
3. How tall is the double crochet stitch?
Double crochet is the fifth tallest stitch among the six basic crochet stitches. It is two times the height of single crochet and equivalent to the length of 3 ch.
4. How to DC in crochet?
1. Yarn over, insert hook into next stitch, and pull up a loop;
2. Yarn over again and pull yarn through the first two loops;
3. Yarn over again and pull through the remaining loops on the hook.
5. What is the turning chain for double crochet?
The turning chain for dc is typically 3 chain stitches. However, some patterns may call for 2 chain stitches.
6. Does the turning chain count as a double crochet stitch?
Yes, chain 3 is your first dc of the row/round unless stated otherwise.
7. How do you crochet double crochet post stitch?
Insert your hook through and around the post (body) of the stitch from the previous round, and make a dc.
8. What is the double crochet stitch for?
DC is great for granny squares, baby blankets, afghans, scarves, potholders, and coasters.
9. What is the fabric made from double crochet like?
– If you use lightweight yarn and a smaller hook size, the fabric will be loose and airy.
– If you use bulky yarn and a larger hook size, the fabric will be solid and stretchy.
10. How to make double crochet increase?
Place two double-crochet stitches into the same stitch from the previous row/round.
11. How to make double crochet decrease?
Place your hook into a stitch; start to make a dc, but do not complete the stitch. Insert the hook into the following stitch and finish the dc as usual.
12. How to make post stitches?
– For FPdc, insert your hook from the front-back-front of the post and make a double crochet.
– For BPdc, insert your hook from the back-front-back of the post and make a double crochet.
- Learn more about crochet through our free tutorials:
- Browse our library of free crochet patterns, or try out this stitch with the free and easy patterns below.
Free Crochet Patterns That Use Double Crochet Stitches
Due to its simplicity and versatility, the double crochet stitch is one of the most commonly used stitches in many beginner-level crochet patterns. Here are a variety of free patterns that use the dc stitch:
- Crochet Hook
- With an existing loop on the hook, YO (yarn over);
- Insert crochet hook into next stitch;
- YO again and pull up a loop;
- You should have three loops on the hook;
- YO again and draw the working yarn through the first two loops on the hook;
- You should have 2 loops left on your hook;
- YO for the last time and draw the yarn through the remaining loops;
- You’ve completed your first double crochet stitch!
Get the full article at https://madefromyarn.com/how-to-double-crochet/ with more pictures and details.